The Supervisory Board with the aim of providing a current international benchmark with which to position the Italian model, commissioned to Cullen International a comparative study on the separation, equivalence and supervision models of the fixed access network in the major industrialized countries.
Models of separation, equivalence of treatment and the role of the supervisory committee
This study compares the models of separation and equivalence of access related to the incumbents in eight European countries: Czech Republic, Denmark, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Sweden, the United Kingdom (UK), and in Australia and New Zealand.
These countries were chosen for the study based on current, past or potential future experience of separation applying to the vertically integrated operator. To Cullen's knowledge, these ten countries represent the best-known international experiences relevant to vertical separation and related wholesale service provision. At present, nine out of the ten researched countries adopted separation at the wholesale level, while one stopped implementing separation after 2017.
The study also has a special focus on the role played by the governance structure and the supervisory committee in assuring non-discrimination and a level playing field among access seekers.
In the countries researched, four out of ten countries have a supervisory committee, and one had a supervisory committee before implementing the highest degree of separation, structural separation.
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Wholesale broadband access regulation in France, Germany, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain
This study compares the approaches to wholesale broadband access regulation taken by national regulatory authorities (NRAs) in five European countries – France, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain – in the context of different regulatory objectives, market structures and technological choices.
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