International Benchmark

Case Studies

Summary of the main findings of the study

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In the description of the European examples, reference is often made to the regulator’s review of the wholesale broadband markets. 

The broad definition of these markets is defined at the EU level, with these definitions changing in 2007 and 2014:
 

2007 market definitions

2014 market definitions

4

wholesale (physical) network infrastructure access

3a

wholesale local access at a fixed location

5

wholesale broadband access

3b

wholesale central access for mass-market products


Cullen International has categorised the countries researched based on three broad kinds of separation:

  • Functional separation
    physically separated staff, systems and processes.
  • Legal separation
    separate legal entity remaining under the same overall ownership, physically separated staff, systems and processes.
  • Structural separation
    separate legal entity with different ownership.